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Debug Modes of Action: Neem Insecticide MOA

Debug products are botanically derived multi-purpose insecticides, miticides, nematicides, and fungicides, with active ingredients entirely derived from the Neem Tree.

The Neem tree, Azadirachta indica, is a tree that is valued for its medicinal, and pesticidal properties. More specifically, the seeds of this tree can be harvested and used for the development of botanical insecticides. After harvesting seeds from the neem tree, Azadirachtin and Neem oil are separated by solvent extraction or pressing.

Neem Oil:

Neem oil is regarded as a by-product of the seed’s extraction process, where Azadirachtin is the compound that exhibits the most insecticidal activity. While both Neem oil and Azadirachtin are harvested from the same source, they differ in how they impact insect pests. Neem oil is listed in the IRAC mode of action (MOA) chart under the classification of UNE which includes botanical essences including synthetic, extracts, and unrefined oils with unknown or uncertain MOA. While IRAC categorizes neem oil as an uncertain MOA, previous literature supports this compound’s ability to suffocate, and damage the cuticle of insects it is applied to.


Azadirachtin can be found on the IRAC MOA chart under the classification of UN, meaning compounds of unknown or uncertain MOA. Similar to Neem oil, even though IRAC categorizes the MOA as “unknown”, literature supports its ability to act as both an antifeedant and insect growth regulator.

The Debug Advantage:

The Debug product line offers options that use both these compounds, in varying ratios to suit the needs of your pest management program. The benefit of the Debug product line is that two differing MOAs are instantaneously targeting pest populations to give greater potential for insect suppression.

To sum it up: Debug puts the full power of the iconic and miraculous Neem Tree at growers’ fingertips, combining its two most powerful insecticidal compounds in the ideal ratios for many professional growing applications.